Zulfiqar Rana, MD, MPH, FACP

Board Certified in Internal Medicine

Board Review


Cardinal Manifestations and Presentation of Diseases


• Section 1: Pain


Chapter 13: Pain: Pathophysiology and Management
Chapter 14: Chest Discomfort
Chapter 15: Abdominal Pain
Chapter 16: Headache
Chapter 17: Back and Neck Pain

• Section 2: Alterations in Body Temperature


Chapter 18: Fever
Chapter 19: Fever and Rash
Chapter 20: Fever of Unknown Origin

• Section 3: Nervous System Dysfunction


Chapter 21: Syncope
Chapter 22: Dizziness and Vertigo
Chapter 23: Fatigue
Chapter 24: Neurologic Causes of Weakness and Paralysis
Chapter 25: Numbness, Tingling, and Sensory Loss
Chapter 26: Gait Disorders, Imbalance, and Falls
Chapter 27: Confusion and Delirium
Chapter 28: Coma
Chapter 29: Dementia
Chapter 30: Aphasia, Memory Loss, and Other Cognitive Disorders
Chapter 31: Sleep Disorders

• Section 4: Disorders of Eyes, Ears, Nose, and Throat


Chapter 32: Disorders of the Eye
Chapter 33: Disorders of Smell and Taste
Chapter 34: Disorders of Hearing
Chapter 35: Upper Respiratory Symptoms, Including Earache, Sinus Symptoms, and Sore Throat
Chapter 36: Oral Manifestations of Disease

• Section 5: Alterations in Circulatory and Respiratory Functions


Chapter 37: Dyspnea
Chapter 38: Cough
Chapter 39: Hemoptysis
Chapter 40: Hypoxia and Cyanosis
Chapter 41: Edema
Chapter 42: Approach to the Patient with a Heart Murmur
Chapter 43: Palpitations

• Section 6: Alterations in Gastrointestinal Function


Chapter 44: Dysphagia
Chapter 45: Nausea, Vomiting, and Indigestion
Chapter 46: Diarrhea and Constipation
Chapter 47: Unintentional Weight Loss
Chapter 48: Gastrointestinal Bleeding
Chapter 49: Jaundice
Chapter 50: Abdominal Swelling and Ascites

• Section 7: Alterations in Renal and Urinary Tract Function


Chapter 51: Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome
Chapter 52: Azotemia and Urinary Abnormalities
Chapter 53: Fluid and Electrolyte Disturbances
Chapter 54: Hypercalcemia and Hypocalcemia
Chapter 55: Acidosis and Alkalosis

• Section 8: Alterations in the Skin


Chapter 56: Approach to the Patient with a Skin Disorder
Chapter 57: Eczema, Psoriasis, Cutaneous Infections, Acne, and Other Common Skin Disorders
Chapter 58: Skin Manifestations of Internal Disease
Chapter 59: Immunologically Mediated Skin Diseases
Chapter 60: Cutaneous Drug Reactions
Chapter 61: Photosensitivity and Other Reactions to Sunlight

• Section 9: Hematologic Alterations


Chapter 62: Interpreting Peripheral Blood Smears
Chapter 63: Anemia and Polycythemia
Chapter 64: Disorders of Granulocytes and Monocytes
Chapter 65: Bleeding and Thrombosis
Chapter 66: Enlargement of Lymph Nodes and Spleen

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